Wheat is generally produced in temperate countries and there is only one harvest each year. The majority is produced in the Northern hemisphere, and harvested in the period June to September. Southern hemisphere crops are generally harvested in the period between November and January.
During the early years of the 21st century, global demand for wheat exceeded supply meaning that there was a steady draw-down in stocks. This led to a sharp price spike in 2007, which encouraged a strong supply response leading to record global crop levels in subsequent years.
UK-grown wheat usually accounts for 80-85% of total usage by UK millers. Different wheat varieties have different qualities, meaning that some are better suited to some types of flour than others. Please see the Wheat Varieties section of this site for more information on the nabim grouping of wheat varieties and details about individual varieties.
For information on the quality of the latest UK wheat harvest, please download the documents available on this page.